What Is a Suspense Account, Why Is It Opened & How Is It Closed? Chron com

    Once accountants have determined the proper classification of the journal entries, it will be recorded to their correct accounts and removed from suspense accounts. You may also put a transaction into a suspense account if the reason for the expense or revenue is unclear. This can occur if there’s a receipt or invoice for an amount without a description of the product or services that incurred the cost or brought the payment. When there isn’t a clear reason for an amount, putting it into a suspense account until your client can clarify the payment allows the general ledger to stay free from errors.

    The customer receives an alert on their mobile to withdraw this money from a BB agent. Until they withdraw, the remittance stays in a suspense account, earning the financial institute or the BB enabler float/interest on that money. When customer withdrawal is completed, the money moves from the suspense account to the account of the agent who facilitated the cash withdrawal. If the suspense account shows debit balance, it is shown in the asset side of the balance sheet. Never attempt to clear the Suspense account with a journal entry.


    The term “suspense account” can have several different meanings, depending on the context. In the business world generally, a suspense account is a section of a company’s financial books where it can record ambiguous entries that need further analysis to determine their proper classification. In mortgage servicing, the servicer can use a suspense account to park funds temporarily if a borrower has made only a partial payment for that month. In investing, a suspense account is a type of brokerage account where a customer’s proceeds from selling an investment may be recorded until the customer uses the money to invest in something else. The suspense account is used as a place to temporarily hold unclassified funds while the company decides where to put them permanently. This typically arises when funds are received and there is doubt as to which account to apply them.

    The purpose of suspense account entries is to temporarily hold uncategorized transactions. Close the account after moving the entry to the correct permanent account. You might receive a partial payment from a customer and be unsure about which invoice they’re paying. Hold the partial payment in a suspense account until you contact the customer. When you find out the invoice, close the suspense account and move the amount to the correct account. An accountant was asked to record a few journal entries written by the finance head of a large corporation.

    Accounts Payable Suspense Accounts

    Mortgage servicers can use a suspense account when a borrower falls short on a monthly payment or breaks up their monthly payment into partial amounts. After that, he consulted with Mr. Gladwell who clarified the nature of the operation.

    There was one transaction whose nature could not be ascertained at recording. The accountant recorded the “unclassified” amount in the general ledger suspense account to complete the assignment by the deadline. These general ledger suspense accounts are unfortunate but a necessary part of any general ledger system. By the very nature of the business, financial institutions are required to rely on various types of suspense accounts. Therefore, reliable internal controls governing the process are imperative to prevent internal fraud risks.

    Example #4 – Trial Balance

    A few weeks later, Customer A has sent the payment details for the above receipt with a reference to Invoice # 61109xyz. Deposits or withdrawals are made for transactions that are yet to be completed. FREE INVESTMENT BANKING COURSELearn the foundation of Investment banking, financial modeling, valuations and more. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace.

    In these cases, they will hold the partial amount in a suspense account until the customer remits the remainder of the payment. Brokerage firms also use suspense accounts to park client funds after securities are sold and the client isn’t sure about what to do with the proceeds. Adjusting Entries are used to correct mistakes, whereas suspense accounts are useful for temporarily holding transactions until there is enough information to post them. For example, if a bookkeeper is unsure about which account to debit or credit in a transaction, he/she can temporarily place the entry in a suspense account until they receive more information. From an accounting perspective, suspense accounts are used to reconcile the ledgers in the occasion that the nature of one or more transactions is unclear. Suspense accounts in a company’s general ledger typically contain entries where there are uncertainties or discrepancies that need to be resolved. In another scenario, a customer might make a payment but fail to specify which of several outstanding invoices they intended to pay off with those funds.

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    The dual aspect of this account would have been to debit Daniel’s account and credit sales. So, let’s see how the creation of a https://www.bookstime.com/ will help you to solve your problem. The currencies of each suspense item must match the premium currency selected on the activity.

    This lesson will illustrate some common uses for suspense accounts with examples. Open a suspense account by recording the full amount in question. To account for the payment, open a Suspense Account and credit the account with the full $500. When you find out which customer made the payment, debit the Suspense Account for $500 and credit your Account Receivable customers account for $500. This closes out your suspense account and posts the payment to the correct customer account. Conversely, if the trial balance credits are larger than the debits, the difference is recorded in the suspense account as a debit. Once you find the reason for the trial balance and correct it, the account is closed and removed from the trial balance.

    Need help with accounting? Easy peasy.

    Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word suspense account. Goods returned by Mani Rs.750 have been entered in the returns outwards book. Manager is designed to preserve information rather than reject incorrect entries. But when anything is in your Suspense account, your records and reports are almost certainly wrong. Because, even though reporting may be on cash basis, the program still makes all necessary calculations for accrual basis. You might not be able to access all transactions contributing to Suspense unless accrual basis is set. In the next post, we will look at an illustrative example of a suspense account.

    A suspense account is a general ledger account in which amounts are temporarily recorded. The suspense account is used because the appropriate general ledger account could not be determined at the time that the transaction was recorded. A mortgage servicer can use a suspense account to hold funds when a borrower falls short on their required monthly loan repayment, possibly by accident.

    On locating the errors in the beginning or in the course of next year, rectifying entries would be passed and when all the errors have been completely rectified the suspense account will show no balance. However, in this case, only Cashbook was debited, as the debtor account was not credited. Loan Suspense Accountmeans an account established for the crediting and holding of Employer Securities purchased with the proceeds of an Exempt Loan during the pledge period and repayment of the Exempt Loan. Loan Suspense Accountmeans an account established to hold Financed Shares pending repayment of the Acquisition Loan used to purchase such Financed Shares. DateParticularsDr.Cr.xxxCash$200Suspense Account$200So in order to find out the error, you can match the amount in payment with the invoice that you sent to your customers. Furthermore, once you match the payment you must also contact the respective customer and make sure that he/she has made this payment or not.

    • Suspense account is a temporary and imaginary account, which is closed later when the errors are located.
    • Instead, it is used to give some leeway to the accountant to find the true nature of some transactions to make the ledger books more robust.
    • Suspense accounts serve as an important tool so that companies are able to properly classify accounts.
    • We also utilize default accounts to temporarily hold transactions either due to a processing error (i.e. from a feed) or for central processing activities (i.e. procurement card transactions).
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    You have to park in any spot you can find and you may never park in the same spot again! At the end of the day, you will get in your car and move it to your more permanent parking place in front of your home. The Suspense account above reveals five transactions with some type of error. To fix one, click on the Edit button to the left of the transaction.

    The archbishop of Manila sends to the king an account of ecclesiastical and some other affairs in his diocese. And I finished all with a brief historical account of affairs and events in England for about a hundred years past. Of course, considerations of weight have to be taken into account, but the more mould round the roots the better. Bills received from Raman for Rs.500 passed through Bills Payables Book. The total of sales book was carried forward from page 5 to 6 as Rs.1222 instead of Rs.1122. Purchase of machinery for Rs.3000 was passed through the purchases book.

    Is suspense account a nominal account?

    Therefore, from all these examples it can be concluded that the suspense account can be either personal, real or nominal based on the situation.

    If your customer sent in a partial payment, contact the customer to find out which items or invoices the payment covers. Let’s assume the debit side of your trial balance goes higher than the credit side, the difference is recorded as a credit to the suspense account. A common practice of recording in suspense accounts is when a company receives a payment from a particular client but the invoice number is not specified. Since the suspense account for your client is temporary, clear it regularly to put transactions in their proper places and create an accurate depiction of your client’s revenue and expenses for reporting. It’s especially important to have a clear suspense account at the end of the fiscal year to ensure your client understands their true profit and loss. Try to notice patterns in your client’s suspense accounts, like whether a certain type of transaction or invoice from a specific sender goes into the suspense account regularly.

    Other Uses for Suspense Accounts

    A lack of segregated duties and oversight through continuous, automated monitoring of journal entries is imperative and will ultimately prevent disaster. Across campus, departments use clearing, default and suspense accounts for a variety of reasons (Procurement Cards, Preferred Booking Program Travel, Credit Card Sales, etc.). But, the debtor account was wrongly credited with N9000, instead of 10,000. To correct this error, we debit the suspense account with N10,000 and credit the debtor’s account with the same amount. Cash of N70,000 received from a debtor was recorded in the cash book only. A suspense account is an account prepared for an entry that causes disagreement in the trial balance. The difference amount is temporarily recorded in a suspense a/c and should be cleared at some point as it possesses a control risk.



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